So, what is CBD? Why is it popular among alternative sources of medicine? Well, it’s clear that it is now drawing a lot of waves. It’s one of the most used substances at the moment in the treatment of various diseases. Although people normally refer to it as CBD, this compound is fully known as cannabidiol. This article offers an overview of CBD and how it works in the human body.

What Is CBD: A Complete Overview

CBD is an abbreviation of cannabidiol. It’s popularly known as Cannabidiol because it’s short and easy to pronounce. The compound comes from the cannabis plant and it’s among the most popular among humans. Cannabidiol is nonpsychoactive. So, it means that people won’t feel “high” after using it. The compound has many medical benefits and it comes with a good safety profile.

CBD: Breaking Down the Molecule Structure

CBD is a multipurpose molecule. It contains 21 carbon atoms, 2 oxygen atoms, and 30 hydrogen atoms. It was isolated first in 1940 and it has nonpsychoactive properties. Chemically, Cannabidiol doesn’t have good water solubility. However, it’s highly soluble in other organic solvents, specifically alcohols, and lipids.

Because CBD exists in acid and de-carboxylated form natural, its chemical structure tends to change upon heating. It’s for this reason that a lot of people tend to smoke marijuana. Note that CBD I expected to be a single-molecule pharmaceutical soon.

 A Quick Overview of Hemp-Derived CBD

Hemp-derived CBD usually comes from an isolated flower of the hemp plant. Manufacturers normally use it to make full-spectrum hemp oil products. Note that full-spectrum hemp oil normally contains natural terpenes and other cannabinoids including THC.

Besides that, CBD from hemp plant might also come from the seeds. However, hemp-derived CBD from the seeds is normally used in health-food stores. These products contain a significantly lower concentration of Cannabidiol alongside trace amounts of THC or nothing at all.

Lastly, it’s possible to eliminate other compounds from the hemp extract. The resulting product is a CBD isolate that contains pure CBD compound. This product plays a crucial role in the formulation of various CBD-based medical products.

Note: although both full-spectrum and isolate come from the same plant, they are obtained from different parts. Their extraction process is also different since they have various components that affect their effectiveness.

How CBD Works In Our Body

CBD works in the human body by interacting with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Note that ECS is a complex biological system found in the whole human body. It impacts various processes. This includes mood, memory, appetite, and sleep among others. The ECS has three main components i.e. enzymes, receptors, and endocannabinoids.

Cannabidiol normally interacts with the receptors found in the ECS. The body has CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are primarily found in the central nervous system. Research shows that they help to govern movement and coordination. In addition to that, these receptors help to regulate appetite, mood, pain, and memory among other functions.

On the other hand, CB2 receptors are found in the peripheral nervous system. Research shows that they can influence the way the body responds to pain and inflammation.

Note: CBD doesn’t bind itself to these receptors. However, it tends to influence how they work. There are suggestions that indicate it activates the receptors. By doing so, it helps to improve the health and general wellness of the user.

Effects of Cannabidiol

Note that CBD is nonpsychoactive. So, it doesn’t alter the way the mind functions. It has significant therapeutic effects. So, this makes it effective in treating multiple types of diseases. This includes various forms of epilepsy, stress, depression, and anxiety among others.

For example, multiple research studies highlight the effectiveness of Cannabidiol in reducing heart conditions. These are diseases like strokes and heart attacks. There is another short-term study that found it can reduce appetite. This can be positive for those who want to lose weight. Its role in relieving pain and inflammation are some of the reasons that make it popular.

The Use of CBD in Various Health Conditions and Medications

Health Conditions and Medications

There are many health benefits of CBD. That’s why many people are seeking and using it. The compound usually works in synch with most natural processes in the body. It enhances the efficiency of these processes while nourishing different organs. Besides that, it helps to boost the immune system, making you less susceptible to diseases. Some of the health benefits of CBD include:

Managing the symptoms of anxiety and depression

the compound has anti-anxiety and anti-depressant properties. It helps to calm the mind and relax the physical body. Additionally, it changes the way the brain signals respond to different mechanisms.

READ MORE: CBD for anxiety and Depression: How Effective is it?

Treating neurological conditions

CBD is a neuroprotectant. It can, therefore, help to protect various neurological conditions that can lead to seizures, memory loss, pain, heart disease, and others. These conditions include dementia, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, stroke, and traumatic brain injury.

Nourishing the skin

the compound has minerals and vitamins that help to nourish the skin. It makes the skin supple, clear, and blemish-free. In addition to that, you can use it to manage skin issues like psoriasis, dermatitis, and acne.

Metabolic systems

this organic compound helps to effectively improve the metabolic process. As a result, it can help to regulate various metabolic conditions such as obesity and diabetes.

Easing gut disorders

CBD can be used to treat various gut disorders including Crohn’s diseases and colitis.

Treating cancer

with its anti-emetic and anti-tumor effects, CBD can help to manage cancer. Its anti-tumor effects, for instance, helps to inhibit the spread of cancer tumours to different parts of the body. Meanwhile, its anti-emetic properties make it beneficial in cancer treatment, especially chemotherapy. CBD helps to reduce the side effects that chemotherapy produces in the body. This includes the feeling of nausea, vomiting, and appetite loss among others.

Note: CBD is an effective treatment option for both physical and mental health conditions. All you need to find is a product that suits your needs. Understand the appropriate dosage that you might need and the best form of intake. Don’t forget to consult with your doctor first, especially if you are using prescription medications.

Different Ways of Consumption

One of the main things that stands out when using CBD is the ease of use. Cannabidiol is highly versatile. Manufacturers normally add it to a wide range of products. This provides clients with various modes of consumption. Common ways of using Cannabidiol include using:


This involves the oral consumption of various Cannabidiol products. It can be a cookie, gummy, or any other food product. CBD edibles are very popular because they tend to offer lasting results. They are perfect for managing chronic pain. This is because you can end up feeling the effects of CBD in the body for more than four hours. Although it takes quite long for the effects of the edibles to kickstart, the benefits are worth it.


The use of CBD tinctures involves the application of a few oil drops under the tongue. This means that the oil will undergo the absorption process via the blood capillaries in the mouth’s lining. From here, the compound will go directly into the bloodstream.


This is another popular technique of using CBD. Vaping is commonly used in the treatment of anxiety. Well, this is because it provides instant effects. All you need to have is a vape juice and a vape pen. The vape pen is used to heat the liquid until vapor is produced. The user then inhales the vapor that will go to the bloodstream via the lung lining. However, this isn’t a highly recommended method. CBD vaping can cause lung infections and other respiratory problems.

The Legal Aspects of Using CBD

At the federal level, CBD is now legal. This was after the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill. So, you can buy it in all American states without the need for a prescription. However, the products needs to have less than 0.3% of THC. That’s a significantly low amount of THC that won’t result in psychoactive effects. However, consumers should know that the FDA doesn’t regulate the use of CBD. You can learn more about CBD and its legality here

The Bottom Line

CBD is one of the most popular cannabinoids from the cannabis plant. It has a good safety profile and it’s generally considered effective in treating various ailments. The versatile compound can be used in many forms. You can take it orally as an edible or apply it to the skin. Besides that, you can take it sublingually. But before buying and using CBD, make sure that you understand your state laws. In addition to that, you should first consult your doctor.

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