There is no doubt that CBD is causing a shift in the medical industry. A lot of people are charmed by its ability to reduce pain and promote general wellness. The nonpsychoactive and organic compound could easily become the go-to solution for many health issues. But since it comes from the cannabis plant, is CBD legal? Well, let’s find out.
What Is CBD And Marijuana?
CBD is an organic compound that comes from the hemp plant. It’s nonpsychoactive with lots of health benefits. The compound has anti-inflammatory, neuroprotectant, antidepressant, and antiemetic properties among others. learn more about CBD.
Marijuana (or weed, pot, or ganja) is a psychoactive drug from the cannabis plant. Although it can be used for recreational purposes, it’s mainly ideal for entertainment. This is because it contains high amounts of THC that tend to alter the way the mind functions.
The Legal Aspect of CBD and Marijuana
CBD is legal at the federal level. This is because it’s nonpsychoactive and contains less than 0.3% THC. The legalization of CBD means that you can buy it without a prescription. Even though, state laws tend to vary. You might find that CBD from the marijuana plant is illegal in some states while that derived from the hemp plant is legal.
Until now, marijuana is still illegal federally. This is because it’s classified as a Schedule I drug. This mainly because of its psychoactive properties. Marijuana can alter the way the mind functions, resulting in a “high” feeling.
But over the last few years, there have been calls to legalize the use of marijuana. Activists say that this will help to reduce harm, create jobs, and save money. There are even several states where marijuana is legal. This includes Washington, Colorado, Alaska, Nevada, and California among others.
The legality of CBD and marijuana is something that brings confusion from time to time. Apart from their physical similarities, these two substances have different chemicals. Marijuana contains a high level of THC, an intoxicating compound. The THC content can go up to 30%. On the other hand, CBD has less than 0.3% THC. This is a trace amount with no significant effects.
The Difference between CBD and Marijuana
There are distinct differences between CBD and marijuana plant. This means that the way these two substances and their extracts interact with the human body is also very different. So, what are some of the features that make them stand out?
The hemp plant (where CBD is derived) and marijuana both belong to the cannabis family. Although these two plants may have a similar chemical composition, both have different levels of psychoactive. CBD from hemp is a non-intoxicating compound. So, it doesn’t have mind-altering effects. On the other hand, CBD from marijuana has high THC content. So, it has intoxicating effects.
CBD is popular among consumers due to its many health benefits. The compound has a wide range of medicinal properties. It’s an effective remedy for both physical and mental health issues. CBD has nutrients that help to nourish the body. With its core elements, it helps to accelerate various processes in the body. However, marijuana is mostly used for entertainment purposes. Although it has a few health benefits, its psychoactive property has made it popular in the entertainment world.
When it comes to legality, CBD is a hemp product. So, it’s legal federally. This is because it contains less than 0.3%. With the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill, you don’t need a prescription to buy hemp products. On the other hand, marijuana products are still considered illegal substances. Their high THC content leads to a “high” feeling. If you are found in possession of marijuana, you can face a jail term, fine, or both.
Why CBD Is So Much Popular Nowadays?
CBD and its health benefits are the reason why it’s much popular nowadays. Whether you are suffering from a chronic condition or everyday discomfort, CBD is highly effective. Here are some of the health benefits of using this compound.
CBD for Anxiety and Depression
CBD has anti-anxiety and antidepressant properties. It influences the way the brain responds to certain chemicals. It should be noted that low amounts of serotonin hormone have been linked to anxiety and depression. Meanwhile, research studies show that CBD can help to elevate the levels of serotonin. By doing so, it can help to significantly reduce various symptoms of these medical conditions.
The FDA has approved the use of Epidiolex, a CBD-based drug in the treatment of epilepsy. This was after research was done to determine the safety and effectiveness of this compound. Epidiolex is now used to treat two rare conditions that are characterized by epileptic seizures. They are:
- Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS): it is a condition that appears between the ages of 3 and 5 years. LSG normally involves different kinds of seizures
- Dravet syndrome (DS): this is a rare genetic condition that appears in the first year of life. DS normally involves frequent, fever-related seizures.
It’s not very easy to control the seizures caused by these two conditions by using clinical medications. This is why epidiolex is one of the most used drugs for their therapy. However, epidiolex shouldn’t be children younger than 2 years.
With its anti-emetic and anti-tumor effects, CBD can help to manage symptoms of cancer. Research shows that it can reduce the painful effects of colon cancer, prostate cancer, and others. Its anti-tumor effects, for instance, helps to inhibit the spread of cancer tumors to different parts of the body. By slowing down its spread, a patient’s condition can be managed. On the other hand, its anti-emetic properties make it beneficial in cancer treatment, especially during radiotherapy and chemotherapy. CBD helps to reduce the side effects that chemotherapy produces in the body. This includes the feeling of nausea, vomiting, and appetite loss among others.
Treating Neurological Conditions
CBD is a neuroprotectant. This property means that it can help to protect various neurological conditions that can lead to pain, seizures, memory loss, heart disease, and even death. Some of these conditions include dementia, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, stroke, and traumatic brain injury.
In regards to Alzheimer’s disease, CBD can slow down its progress. A research by the Journal of Alzheimer’s established that CBD can prevent the development of social recognition deficit in patients. Note that this is usually the first evidence of the condition among most patients.
Nourishing the Skin
CBD is an organic compound with lots of nutrients. Thus, it has minerals and vitamins that help to nourish the skin. It makes the skin supple, clear, and blemish-free. In addition to that, you can use it to manage skin issues like psoriasis, dermatitis, and acne.
In treating acne, CBD seems promising. Note that acne is a common skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It currently has no cure but its symptoms are manageable. The condition normally occurs as a result of inflammation. In other instances, it may be due to the sebaceous glands in the body overworking.
A study by the Journal of Clinical Investigations found that CBD normally helps to lower the production of sebum that leads to acne. Besides that, its anti-inflammatory properties play a significant role in treating skin inflammation. With more research studies, this compound can be an effective remedy for acne vulgaris.
Note: But despite its many health benefits and promising results, users are generally advised to exercise caution. This is because the full effectiveness of CBD has not been established. Additionally, CBD can interact with certain medications. So, make sure that you consult with your doctor first.
The 2018 Farm Bill
The 2018 Farm Bill is also known as the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018. This bill provides support, stability, and certainty to farmers. It was designed to enhance farm support programs, crop insurance, disaster program, and others.
With the passing of this bill, CBD hemp oil products with less than 0.3% became legal. However, this bill explicitly reserved the FDA’s Authority over hemp products. So, whatever CBD hemp products you buy, they need to meet the FDA’s standards. This means that users will have access to safe and accurately-labeled CBD hemp products.
States with Legal Cannabidiol
CBD is legal federally in all the 50 states in America. Meanwhile, there are around 11 states where marijuana is legal in the US. They include:
- District of Columbia
The Bottom Line
The legality of CBD is something that tends to be confusing. However, knowing the source of this compound and the THC concentration definitely help to clear the air. If CBD from hemp plant contains less than 0.3% THC, then it’s legal federally. On the other hand, if the CBD is from marijuana, then it’s illegal. It’s also important to understand your state laws.